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Luxembourg Geography


A landlocked country in Western Europe, Luxembourg has an area of 2,586 sq km (998 sq mi), with a length of 82 km (51 mi) north to south, and a width of 57 km (35 mi) east to west. Comparatively, the area occupied by Luxembourg is slightly smaller than the state of Rhode Island. The eastern boundary with Germany is formed by the Our, Sûre (Sauer), and Moselle rivers. Luxembourg is bordered on the south by France and on the west and north by Belgium, with total border length of 359 km (223 mi). Luxembourg's capital city, Luxembourg, is located in the southcentral part of the country.

The country is divided into two distinct geographic regions: the rugged uplands (Oesling) of the Ardennes in the north, where the average elevation is 450 m (1,476 ft) with the highest point, Buurgplaatz, is 559 m (1,834 ft); and the fertile southern lowlands, called Bon Pays (Good Land), with an average altitude of 250 m (820 ft).

The entire area is crisscrossed by deep valleys, with most rivers draining eastward into the Sûre, which in turn flows into the Moselle on the eastern border. The northern region, comprising one-third of the country, is forested and has poor soil.

Luxembourg's climate is temperate and mild. Summers are generally cool, with a mean temperature of about 17°C (63°F); winters are seldom severe, average temperature being about 0°C (32°F). The high peaks of the Ardennes in the north shelter the country from rigorous north winds, and the prevailing northwesterly winds have a cooling effect. Rainfall is plentiful in the extreme southwest; precipitation throughout the country averages about 75 cm (30 in) annually.


Western Europe, between France and Germany

Geographic coordinates
49 45 N, 6 10 E

Map references

total: 2,586 sq km
land: 2,586 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative
slightly smaller than Rhode Island

Land boundaries
total: 359 km
border countries: Belgium 148 km, France 73 km, Germany 138 km

0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims
none (landlocked)

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